A provider of web hosting service, also known as the web host is basically a business involved in providing the services as well as the technologies required by a website or a webpage which can be viewed on the Internet. A service which allows any individuals or organizations to put up there webpage or website on the internet is known as Web Hosting.
Websites are hosted through special computers known as the servers by the web host. Any user of the internet can access or view your website by typing your website address on their Internet browser. However, many web hosting firms requires you to own a domain name, if you want to host something on your own. However, if you do not have the same you can always purchase one through the web hosting companies.
The following are the prime features essential to a web hosting plan:
1. Disk Space: A limited amount of disk space to store one's web files is always provided by the web hosting accounts. It is better to have a near estimate of the disk space you may require for your activities. For instance, the space you require for databases, your files etc.
2. Data Transfer and Bandwidth: These are two different entities. Bandwidth basically refers to the amount of data which can be transferred at any given time. However, Data Transfer stands for the amount transferred data.
In short, greater the bandwidth faster it loads a given website irrespective of one's type of connection. Sometimes one can find that their website is not available as they reached an upper limit on the amount of data that can be transferred. By considering the website's size and the number of visitors in a given time frame, one can decide on these parameters.
3. Email accounts: It is the most integral part of web hosting. They are of three types: Forwarding, POP3 and aliases.
4. FTP access: The files that you want to transfer to your server are done through the FTP. It also serves as a protocol for downloading the files from your server.